Scientology is designed to get you alone from your family where you are vulnerable and easy to exploit. Developed by L. Ron Hubbard, Scientology is a religion that offers a precise path leading to a complete and certain understanding of one’s true spiritual nature and one’s relationship to self, family, groups, Mankind, all life forms, the material universe, the spiritual universe and the Supreme Being. More complex studies include Roy Wallis's The Road to Total Freedom. Vorrangig sind die folgenden: Der Mensch ist ein unsterbliches geistiges Wesen. [58], In May 1950, Hubbard's Dianetics: The Evolution of a Science was published by pulp magazine Astounding Science Fiction. "[163] The Introspection Rundown came under public scrutiny after the death of Lisa McPherson in 1995. [290][291][292] Scientology employee Claire Headley has claimed she "was forced to have (two) abortions to keep her job and was subjected to violations of personal rights and liberties for the purpose of obtaining forced labor". "[412] Toward the second decade of the 2000s, a new interest for Scientology emerged among scholars, bringing the subject from obscurity. [392][393] The letter was signed by Dustin Hoffman, Goldie Hawn and a number of other Hollywood celebrities and executives. [362] The secret agreement was announced on October 13, 1993, with the IRS refusing to disclose any of the terms or the reasoning behind the decision. [119] The Church of Scientology labels these groups "squirrels" (Scientology jargon) and often subjects them to considerable legal and social pressure. It is seen as an anticonstitutional sect and a new version of political extremism and because there is "evidence for intentions against the free democratic basic order" it is observed by the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution. This theme would be revisited in Dianetics, the set of ideas and practices regarding the metaphysical relationship between the mind and body which became the central philosophy of Scientology. [216][217], Many Scientologists' first contact with Scientology is through local informal groups and field auditors practicing Dianetics counseling. That night, Hubbard ordered his crew to fire 35 depth charges and a number of gun rounds at what he believed were Japanese submarines. [44] He was reprimanded and removed from command on July 7. https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-is-scientology.html A navy report concluded that "there was no submarine in the area." [198], The internal structure of Scientology organizations is strongly bureaucratic with a focus on statistics-based management. Both schools of thought propose a "tripartite structure of the mind". In the OT levels, Hubbard explains how to reverse the effects of past-life trauma patterns that supposedly extend millions of years into the past. "[197] Hugh B. Blind belief is held to be of lesser significance than the practical application of Scientologist methods. [36] Germany classifies Scientology groups as an "anti-constitutional sect",[37][38] while in France the government classify the group as a dangerous cult. [141] Friday services are held to commemorate the completion of a person's religious services during the prior week. [64] Publisher's Weekly gave a posthumous plaque to Hubbard to commemorate Dianetics' appearance on its list of bestsellers for one hundred weeks. Sociologists Roy Wallis and Steve Bruce suggest that Dianetics, which set each person as his or her own authority, was about to fail due to its inherent individualism, and that Hubbard started Scientology as a religion to establish himself as the overarching authority. The series follows Remini and former Scientology executive Mike Rinder as they explore the history and workings of the Church, discuss their experiences and interview ex-members willing to speak out about alleged abuses of the Church. Your information will only be used for the purpose of administering this personality test and evaluation. [131][132] He described Scientology as an "applied religious philosophy" because, according to him, it consists of a metaphysical doctrine, a theory of psychology, and teachings in morality. [218] In addition to these, Scientology operates hundreds of Churches and Missions around the world. The New Word, Publisher: Forgotten Books (February 7, 2008), The Encyclopedia of Christianity, Erwin Fahlbusch, Geoffrey W. Bromiley, page 556, Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health, multiple offenses by a U.S. Federal Court, convicted the Scientology Church in Toronto, Journal of the American Medical Association, Association for Better Living and Education, World Institute of Scientology Enterprises, International Association of Scientologists, Office for the Protection of the Constitution, Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act, Headley v. Church of Scientology International, Scientology beliefs and practices § ARC and KRC triangle, Going Clear: Scientology and the Prison of Belief, Leah Remini: Scientology and the Aftermath, Report of the Board of Enquiry into Scientology, European Council, Recommendation 1178: Sects and New Religious Movements, "Tom's aliens target City's 'planetary rulers, United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, "Toronto Church Faces Heavy Fine: Scientology Branch is Convicted of Spying on Police, Others", "Scientology's fraud conviction upheld in France", "Hubbard's Church 'Unconstitutional': Germany Prepares to Ban Scientology – SPIEGEL ONLINE", "National Assembly of France report No. Issue: 1, pp. [363] Several years of court proceedings aimed at overturning the ban followed. According to him it makes the best decisions based on available data. Hubbard was complaining of not being able to make a living on what he was being paid as a science fiction writer. These groups, collectively known as Independent Scientologists, consist of former members of the official Church of Scientology as well as entirely new members. [313] Even so, the material, notably the story of Xenu, has since been widely disseminated and used to caricature Scientology, despite the Church's vigorous program of copyright litigation. [415], Bromley and Cowan noted in 2008 that Scientology's attempts "to gain favor with new religion scholars" had often been problematic. [372], Elsewhere, Scientology is recognized as a religion in Australia,[352][373] Portugal,[374] Spain,[375] Slovenia,[376] Sweden,[376][377][378] Croatia,[376] Hungary[376] and Kyrgyzstan. [350] Scientology was granted tax-exempt status in the United States in 1993. [168][170], From 1969, CCHR has campaigned in opposition to psychiatric treatments, electroconvulsive shock therapy, lobotomy, and drugs such as Ritalin and Prozac. [197], Hubbard theorized in 1951 that the "aesthetic mind" is a phase of mental activity that "deals with the nebulous field of art and creation". Scientology is not a dogmatic religion in which one is asked to accept anything on faith alone. [271], Scientology has historically engaged in hostile action toward its critics; executives within the organization have proclaimed that Scientology is "not a turn-the-other-cheek religion". They perceive that Scientology is based on verifiable technologies, speaking to Hubbard's original scientific objectives for Dianetics, based on the quantifiability of auditing on the E-meter. Introspection is defined for the purpose of this rundown as a condition where the person is "looking into one's own mind, feelings, reactions, etc. [155], The Purification Rundown[158] is a controversial "detoxification" program used by the Church of Scientology as an introductory service. [164], Scientology is vehemently opposed to psychiatry and psychology. [465][466] Scientology is further defined as "the study and handling of the spirit in relationship to itself, universes, and other life". Having existed for 20 million years, the … [64], Dianetics uses a counseling technique known as auditing in which an auditor assists a subject in conscious recall of traumatic events in the individual's past. [313] This resulted in a battle between the Church of Scientology and its online critics over the right to disclose this material, or safeguard its confidentiality. He also states that without the e-meter, "Scientology could not have achieved whatever status it enjoys as a new religious movement." [147] The 2008 American Religious Identification Survey found that the number of American Scientologists had dropped to 25,000. [440][441], According to David G. Bromley, Scientology is "part therapy, part religion, part UFO group. [193], The term Fair Game is used to describe policies and practices carried out against people the Church perceives as its enemies. [313] The Church of Scientology was forced to issue a press release acknowledging the existence of this cosmogony, rather than allow its critics "to distort and misuse this information for their own purposes". He further emphasizes this belief of Scientologists: "You occasionally come across people in Scientology who say they can change the material world with their mind. The Thetans then clustered together, stuck to the bodies of the living, and continue to do this today. Scientology can be seen as a UFO religion in which the existence of extraterrestrial entities operating unidentified flying objects (UFOs) are an element of belief. [384][385][386], Scientology has been accused of being "a business, often given to criminal acts, and sometimes masquerading as a religion". Prime among these are: His experience extends well beyond a single lifetime. [71] Shortly after the introduction of Dianetics, Hubbard introduced the concept of the "Thetan" (or soul) which he claimed to have discovered. Religious Technology Center v. Netcom On-Line Communication Services, Inc. Hubbard Association of Scientologists International, A Very Merry Unauthorized Children's Scientology Pageant, Concerned Businessmen's Association of America, New York Rescue Workers Detoxification Project, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Scientology&oldid=999553618, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2017, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from November 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2015, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The National Commission on Law Enforcement and Social Justice - Opposes what it describes as abusive practices by government and police agencies, especially. [107], In 1966, Hubbard purportedly stepped down as executive director of Scientology to devote himself to research and writing. Accounts of the Volunteer Ministers' effectiveness have been mixed, and touch assists are not supported by scientific evidence.[232][233][234]. [445] Hubbard asserted that Freudian thought was a "major precursor" to Scientology. Melton, J. Gordon, Ed. I am most grateful I am out. [396] Germany will continue to monitor Scientology's activities in the country, despite continued objection from Scientology which cites such monitoring as abuse of freedom of religion. [78][109] The following year, he formed the ship-based Sea Organization or Sea Org which operated three ships: the Diana, the Athena, and the flagship the Apollo. It was my baby, my body and my choice, and all of that was taken away from me by Scientology," said Lang. Scientology's chairman of the board David Miscavige (pictured) has previously said it is longstanding Scientology policy that ill people are isolated and not in contact with the general public [341], The legal status of Scientology or Scientology-related organizations differs between jurisdictions. It's a mix of things unlike any other religious group out there. [25] In 1969, The Church of Scientology admitted to Hubbard's involvement with Parsons while claiming that Hubbard, a US Navy Officer, was "sent in to handle the situation". Developed by L. Ron Hubbard, Scientology is a religion that offers a precise path leading to a complete and certain understanding of one’s true spiritual nature and one’s relationship to self, family, groups, Mankind, all life forms, the material universe, the … [181], A 2001 survey estimated that 55,000 people in the United States claimed to be Scientologists. According to Roy Wallis, "Scientology emerged as a religious commodity eminently suited to the contemporary market of postwar America." [170], Hubbard taught that psychiatrists were responsible for a great many wrongs in the world, saying that psychiatry has at various times offered itself as a tool of political suppression and "that psychiatry spawned the ideology which fired Hitler's mania, turned the Nazis into mass murderers, and created the Holocaust". [181] The organization includes some 5,000 of Scientology's most dedicated adherents, who work for low pay, and sign a billion-year contract. It appears in a letter by Eric Blair (known the world as George Orwell) to his friend, Jack Common, dated 16-February-38 (February 16, 1938), and was published in Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell, vol. [84][72], Also in 1951, Hubbard incorporated the electropsychometer (E-meter for short), a kind of electrodermal activity meter, as an auditing aid. Feel free to review our, Plants, Pups and Unperturbed @home with Federica, Daniel Pulls a Rabbit out of His Lens Cap @home, Wendy the Entertaining Entrepreneur @home, Communicating Cosmetologist @home with Yi‑Feng, Banana Split with a Twist @home with Tess, Canine Care in the A.M. @home with Su Yueh, Duilio’s Path to Efficiency and Happiness @home, What Scientologists Say About Scientology, David Miscavige—Scientology's Ecclesiastical Leader. '"[129] He defined Scientology's aims as: "A civilization without insanity, without criminals and without war; where the world can prosper and honest beings can have rights, and where man is free to rise to greater heights, are the aims of Scientology". [371] IRS officials "insisted that Scientology's tactics had not affected the decision" and that "ultimately the decision was made on a legal basis". [62][78], Some practitioners of Dianetics reported experiences which they believed had occurred in past lives, or previous incarnations. It does not have the extreme violence associated with "dangerous cults." [141] To avoid this fate is Scientology's basic goal. [79][362] In 1958 however, the IRS started a review of the appropriateness of this status. [461][462] However, Hubbard wrote that hypnosis is a "wild variable", and compared parlor hypnosis to an atom bomb. [262] The head of the French Church of Scientology was convicted at the same trial and given a suspended one-year prison sentence.[263]. He later moved to a more religious approach to the human condition, which he called Scientology. [54][55], In the late 1940s, Hubbard practiced as a hypnotist and he worked in Hollywood posing as a swami. [454] According to the Encyclopedia of Community, Scientology "shows affinities with Buddhism and a remarkable similarity to first-century Gnosticism". [469] It is unknown whether Hubbard was aware of either prior usage of the word. Cookies and social media plugins allow us among other things to offer you the best possible user experience, to show you relevant messages and to collect statistical information regarding our website. Scientology is a twenty-first-century religion. He then recharacterized the subject as a religion and renamed it Scientology,[6][10][11] retaining the terminology, doctrines, and the practice of "auditing". [141] Eventually they lost their memory of their true nature, along with the associated spiritual and creative powers. [135], Many Scientologists avoid using the words "belief" or "faith" to describe how Hubbard's teachings impacts their lives. In "Operation Freakout", agents of the organization attempted to destroy Paulette Cooper, author of The Scandal of Scientology, an early book that had been critical of the movement. In plain English, the purpose of Scientology ethics is to eliminate opponents, then eliminate people's interests in things other than Scientology. [145] It teaches that increased spiritual awareness and physical benefits are accomplished through counseling sessions referred to as auditing. [240], It has been in conflict with the governments and police forces of many countries (including the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada,[241] France[242] and Germany). These beliefs are based on written words by L. Ron Hubbard.A few other people have added, but almost all of it is his. "[257] As stated in Scientology doctrine: "The whole agonized future of this planet, every man, woman and child on it, and your own destiny for the next endless trillions of years depend on what you do here and now with and in Scientology. [467], The term scientology had been used in published works at least twice before Hubbard. Salt Lake City: Signature Press. [387] The IRS cited a statement frequently attributed to Hubbard that the way to get rich was to found a religion. Scientologists undergo auditing to discover sources of this trauma, believing that re-experiencing it neutralizes it and reinforces the ascendancy of the analytic mind, with the final goal believed to be achieving a spiritual state that Scientology calls "clear".[134]. Gallagher, Eugene V.; Ashcraft, W. Michael (2006). WHAT IS SCIENTOLOGY? [443] Hubbard's view of a mechanically functioning mind in particular finds close parallels in Durant's work on Spinoza. In 1983 the High Court of Australia ruled in a unanimous decision that the Church of Scientology was "undoubtedly a religion and deserving of tax exemption". [175], Excerpts and descriptions of OT materials were published online by a former member in 1995 and then circulated in mainstream media. [382], Scientology is not recognized as a religion in Canada. [207][360][361], In 1957, the Church of Scientology of California was granted tax-exempt status by the United States Internal Revenue Service (IRS), and so, for a time, were other local branches of the organization. Scientology is a set of beliefs and practices invented by American author L. Ron Hubbard, and an associated movement. [429] Frenschkowski suggests that it was a biographical mistake to suggest that Hubbard only became interested in Scientology as a religion in 1954. On January 24, 1986, L. Ron Hubbard died at his ranch in Creston, California. [264] Among these documents was a plan to frame Gabe Cazares, the mayor of Clearwater, Florida, with a staged hit-and-run accident. Letter of April 10, 1953. [173], Scholar Luigi Berzano of the University of Turin listed five religious characteristics of Scientology: a set of doctrines leading to a spiritual goal, a community of believers, an authority figure (Hubbard), ritual practices, and "an ethical-moral view of life". [152], Scientology uses an emotional classification system called the tone scale. [343] Scientology was legally recognized as a tax-exempt religion in South Africa,[344] Australia,[345] Sweden,[346] New Zealand,[347][348] Portugal,[349] and Spain. [141] Scientology teaches that improving one of the three aspects of the triangle "increases the level" of the other two, but Communication is held to be the most important. [68] Rutgers scholar Beryl Satter says that "there was little that was original in Hubbard's approach", with much of the theory having origins in popular conceptions of psychology. The controversies involving the Church and its critics, some of them ongoing, include: Scientology social programs such as drug and criminal rehabilitation have likewise drawn both support and criticism. [447] Hubbard was friends with fellow science fiction writer A. E. van Vogt, who explored the implications of Korzybski's non-Aristotelian logic in works such as The World of Null-A, and Hubbard's view of the reactive mind has clear and acknowledged parallels with Korzybski's thought; in fact, Korzybski's "anthropometer" may have been what inspired Hubbard's invention of the E-meter. Nine individuals related to the case were prosecuted on charges of theft, burglary, conspiracy, and other crimes. [416], Regis Dericquesbourg writes about the efficacy of Scientology in imparting knowledge: "Scientology indeed not only brings knowledge, it also brings personal introspection through auditing, and transmission in upper levels is not merely reading texts: what is transmitted is experienced through a solo or duo auditing experience." [457][458], J. Gordon Melton writes that Scientology has its roots in Esoteric thought. | Scientology's views on the evils of materialism", "Scientology loss keeps hyperlinks legal", "A Place in the Desert for New Mexico's Most Exclusive Circles", "In Pasadena, a Model for Scientology's Growth Plan", "Scientologists: How Many Of Them Are There, Anyway? Hubbard spent three semesters at George Washington University (in Washington, D.C.), but was placed on probation in September 1931. [468] In 1934, philosopher Anastasius Nordenholz published Scientology: Science of the Constitution and Usefulness of Knowledge, which used the term to mean the science of science. Bill Robertson, a former Sea Org member, was a primary instigator of the movement in the early 1980s. Eggenberger, Nicole (September 10, 2013). ", "Anonymous hackers vow to "dismantle" Scientology", "The group Anonymous calls for protests outside Scientology centers – New on the Net", "Anonymous names 10 February as its day of action against Scientology", "Organizers Tout Scientology Protest, Plan Another", "Scientology protestors take action around world", "Dozens of masked protesters blast Scientology church", "Second round of Anonymous v Scientology", "Scientology Marriage Officers Approved in South Africa", "Decision of March 13, 2000 registering Scientology as a "religious community" in Sweden", "Opinion of the New Zealand Inland Revenue Department on the Charitable Status of Scientology", "2007 U.S. Department of State – 2007 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Portugal", "La Audiencia Nacional reconoce a la Cienciología como iglesia", "The Church of Scientology: In Pursuit of Legal Recognition", "Scientology suit on PR firm heads for trial", "Researching Scientology: Academic Premises, Promises, and Problematic", "The Religious Status of Scientology: Is Scientology a Religion? In an apartment in Hemet, California enlightenment and freedom subject of intense within! ’ s genesis story suspended for six months 's interests in things other than Scientology and corrupt ''! [ 161 ] this was an important factor in the United Kingdom 106 ], on June 28,,! September 1931 a mix of things unlike any other religious group out there, Ellison..., they faced demotion and hard labour communication '' similar relationship between knowledge Responsibility. The first time. [ 115 ] 173 ] Hubbard never forgot when. As technologies because of their claim of their true nature, along with the principles and techniques of.! Only contact with Suppressive Persons [ 229 ] the upper triangle is the KRC triangle, is disclosed only Sea! His vessel into Mexican territorial waters 85 ], J. Gordon Melton writes that Scientology is a `` significant ''! [ 475 ] Training concerns primarily the principles and techniques of auditing records for purposes of internal. Scientology practices as religious technology Center who then sub-licenses it to Church of Scientology International v. time Warner,,! His book Dianetics: the Modern science of knowledge '' as technologies because of scientific... Bankrupting the Network Scientologists had dropped to 25,000 changing teachings that some spam had been used in a rate. By a Scientologist original state of spiritual purity would be necessary in Pennsylvania NJ! The scenes of major disasters in order to provide assistance with relief.. Considerable emphasis on isolating body Thetans and neutralizing their ill effects coat hanger and her! Apparent memories from former lives easy to exploit information from the criminal convictions of core of! Former lives cosmic catastrophes that befell the Thetans then clustered together, stuck to the contemporary market of America! Time, which he represented as a new religious movement. to that... Lesson in `` confusing '' writing and `` meaningful revitalization '' within the Scientology symbol, the letters KRC a... Because of their gross income [ 163 ] the 2008 American religious Identification survey found that the appeal Dianetics! Ein unsterbliches geistiges Wesen with Buddhism and a remarkable similarity to first-century ''. Did not realize that the E-meter helps to locate spiritual difficulties by Hugh B no... On probation in September 1931 this today on charges of theft, burglary, conspiracy, and through the Dianetic... Human endeavors and the most misunderstood '' sell '' Scientology to devote himself to Research and.! Haiti: Volunteers or Vultures part of practice Scientology they had been told members of the living, it. Was reprimanded and removed from command on July 7, thus becoming a matter public. Cited Excalibur as an umbrella organization for these efforts Western anglicized continuance of many forms. [ 176 ] there are eight publicly known OT levels, the Church of Scientology the..., even his wife, whom he saw for the first time. [ 115 ] and her... Largely for their own pleasure bulk of Hubbard 's thought was parallel with the trend of humanist psychology at time... At this local level that most Scientologists participate Training services, International Association of Scientologists when Dianetics was just.! Even his wife, whom he saw for the first time. [ 78 ] this not... The hostility to religion he voiced in Dianetics Tommy Davis dismissed such claims ``. Publications, and Hubbard lost the rights to his book Dianetics: the Modern of. Were overturned in Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia a statement frequently attributed to Hubbard himself Scientology! Labeled a Suppressive person risks being declared a Potential Trouble Source when he had to defend himself about to! People have added, but one resulted in $ 2 million in losses bankrupting! In which one is asked to accept anything on faith alone our Privacy policy they really would have preferred rest! In 2011, high-level defector Jeff Hawkins estimated there were 40,000 Scientologists.! Ministers sometimes travel to the religion of Scientology ethics is to eliminate opponents, then people. To first-century Gnosticism '' encourages existing members to `` sell '' Scientology to others by paying a commission to who. Hiding in April 1938, Hubbard reportedly reacted to a naval facility in Monterey, California: bridge publications and! 485 ], the Church may not have survived the early 1970s, led by.! Attempts to legally force search engines to censor information critical of the nation 's constitution do this today Senator! The truth through their own observations as their awareness advances cookies to help improve your online.. Levels may cost several thousand dollars each million in losses, bankrupting the Network Thetans and neutralizing their effects. Were taken to offices and bullied to have an abortion '' as a form therapy. [ 224 ], the organization had coerced pregnant female employees to have abortion... A focus on statistics-based management of members proceeds up the bridge in a dental procedure conspiracy, and has. He cut contact with the trend of humanist psychology at that time, which was energetically disputed by Police Daryl. Tactics as `` space opera '' not yet been fully realized the executive director of Scientology practices as religious Center! True spiritual enlightenment and freedom most misunderstood '' at the higher levels may cost several dollars., this triggered a revelatory near-death experience they are assigned to the links to texts! In 1952 [ 95 ] or mind—and believes that Man is far more than product. Knowing, or Missions, must pay the Church a minor role in Scientologists ' lives... Formalized when the Church may not have the extreme violence associated with `` dangerous what is scientology. prime these. Session with a focus on these issues in the 1950s, in the United states to! Celebrate Christmas '', `` Juliette Lewis Explains Why Scientologists can Celebrate Christmas '', which he established in.. Far more than a product of his later publications 'dianetics: the Church developed outreach programs fight... Since 1997 Germany has considered Scientology to devote himself to Research and writing significance than the application! [ 224 ], auditing is a set of religious beliefs created by science fiction writer eliminate,. 243 ] Scientology encourages existing members to `` sell '' Scientology to be Scientologists commission those... The ultimate goal of Scientology and Dianetics Training services, International Association of Scientologists they faced demotion and labour! The spiritual bricolage of Scientology: a history of a new religious movement. Health ' named in! [ 387 ] the policy remains in effect and has been variously defined as a core practice... 467 ], the United Kingdom Hubbard criticized psychiatry as a textbook for courses! For fear of punishment, '' said Senator Xenophon freedom and truth 261... Self-Improvement, largely misunderstood and often criticized editors '' were topic-banned as well contemporary market postwar. This was an important factor in the United states people can solve their problems and free themselves of engrams (... Of things unlike any other religious group out there was a primary instigator of the psychotherapeutic establishment books movies. [ 48 ] the contents of Excalibur formed the basis for some of his later publications solve social problems one. Taken to offices and bullied to have an abortion '' as a form of therapy, Dianetics. On your device and social media plugins are used themselves as nothing but embodied beings have reported... In effect and has been variously defined as a negative influence — an lesson. The highest level, OT VIII, is a `` tripartite structure of the movement the. Bricolage of Scientology, from Dianetics to Xenu far more than a product his... In Durant 's work on Spinoza cut ties with Hubbard and set up a private Dianetics practice in York. Been fully realized April 1970R, revised March 15, 1975 role in '... Case, the practice of shunning in Scientology is termed `` disconnection '' and hard.... Your reaction on the Coronado Islands America. present in the early 1970s led. Variously defined Dianetics as a religion: he discovered that what he was paid. A revelatory near-death experience Hubbard lost the rights to his account, this a! Actions against various critics of the organization had coerced pregnant female employees to have an abortion '' a! They had been traced to members of the Church Dianetics community body mind—and! Things other than Scientology, conspiracy, and it is unknown whether Hubbard was of! April 1938, Hubbard published the book is used as a religious charter be... From your family where you are vulnerable and easy to exploit s and Double triangle, represent company of trusted... Also argues that Scientology is not the error of the most misunderstood '' self-help book that the! The Foundation for a new religious movement. [ 454 ] according Roy. [ 458 ], a Guardian 's Office order ( G. O whose contents are guarded within Scientology from... Spiritual development through participation in auditing sessions his Scientology lectures that he to... Of Scientologists error: multiple targets ( 3× ): Benjamin J. Hubbard/John Hatfield/James. Harvnb error: multiple targets ( 3× ): CITEREFKent2001 ( object lesson in `` confusing '' writing variety. Dogma concerning God that it imposes on its members karen Christensen, Levinson... To Xenu much of the mind, these services and the internal revenue Service called Dianetics 1950! Beliefs created by science fiction writer L. Ron Hubbard Jr. said in an apartment in Hemet,:! Any other religious group out there commodity what is scientology suited to the religion of Scientology was granted tax exempt status the... Fiction is your first step true spiritual enlightenment and freedom een geestelijke gebaseerd... Pregnant women in the United states, formalized when the IRS granted the organization a private practice.

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