Athens is the historical capital of Europe, with a long history, dating from the first settlement in the Neolithic age.In the 5 th Century BC (the “Golden Age of Pericles”) – the culmination of Athens’ long, fascinating history – the city’s values and civilization acquired a universal significance. As of May 2019, the population of Athens is about 3 million people. Designated by the European Union each year, the European The collection of buildings towering 500 feet over the city announced that Athens was a center for Greek art, faith, and thought. Since 1964, AIFS has been the leading provider of cultural exchange and educational opportunities for more than 1.5 million people. This city of 3.252 million people was designated the capital of Greece in 1833 immediately after the country won its independence from the Ottoman Empire. The history of Athens stretches over 3000 years, making it one of the oldest inhabited cities. Surviving, though, are over 150 political speeches and 20,000 inscriptions which include 500 decrees and 10 laws. After the Dark Age in Greece, villages started to band together which gradually became the independent Greece City-States. Because, then, the contributions of Athens to our own life are so important, because they touch (as a Greek would say) upon almost every side of "the true, the beautiful, and the good," it is obvious that the outward conditions under which this Athenian genius developed deserve our respectful attention. Cheese, figs, and grapes were some of the main dishes in Athens. Athens was the largest and most powerful Greek state. Here are some historical facts about the city of Athens: Athenians did their best to make their city live up to its name. American Institute For Foreign Study (AIFS). Acropolis can be taken to mean “High City”, “City on the Extremity”, or “City on the Air”. Academic Adjustment: What it’s Like to Take Classes... From Iowa to Athens: Adjusting to Life Abroad, Study Abroad Housing: School Residences in Athens. Throughout the city's history Athens was involved in numerous wars, including conflicts with the Persians and other Greeks, but it was also a great center of learning. Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. It became the leading city of Ancient Greece in the first millennium BC and the strongest Greek city-state around 500 BC, entering its Golden Age after emerging victorious from the Persian Wars (500 – 449 BC). Athens lies 5 miles (8 km) from the Bay of Phaleron, an inlet of the Aegean (Aigaíon) Sea where Piraeus (Piraiévs), the port of Athens, is situated, in a mountain-girt arid basin divided north-south by a line of hills. Greater Athens has an area of 165 square miles (427 square km). However, the ancient Olympics were The city ruled the lands and area around it. During its lifetime, the temple has been used as storage for munitions, converted into a church then a mosque, and widely looted by former Ambassador to Constantinople Lord Elgin. It’s believed the first Ancient Greek civilisations were formed nearly 4,000 years ago (approximately 1600 BC) by the mighty Mycenaeansof Crete (a Greek Island). There are two UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Athens: the Acropolis of Athens and the Daphni Monastery. Interesting Facts about Athens 1. Athens’ origins date back to 3,000 B.C. Athens Facts and Trivia. Democracy was established in Athens around 500 B.C. The Ancient Greek Empire spread from Greece through Europe and, in 800 BC, the Greeks started to split their land into city-states, each with its own laws, customs and rulers. The Greek homes were very unique. The two most powerful city-states were Sparta and Athens. Learn more about studying abroad in Athens, Greece! 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