Share. Curcuma longa L. Preferred Common Name. After 7 to 10 months, the lower leaves turn yellow and the rhizomes are dug up. One of the most common Curcuma species grown in the US is simply known as ‘Hidden Ginger.’ Despite being IDed under a few species names its true identity is unknown. Curcuma longa Linn, a perennial shrub belonging to the family Zingiberaceae, is an indigenous plant of India. Its rhizomes (underground stems) are the source of a bright yellow spice and dye. Southeast Asia The Spice Curcuma/Turmeric. In Ayurvedic medicine, turmeric has been used to counteract ageing processes. Standardized common name (English): ... Turmeric (rhizome) (Curcuma longa) Lane Assignments Lanes, from left to right (Track, Volume, Sample): 2 µL Bisdesmethoxycurcumin; 2 µL Desmethoxycurcumin; 2 µL Curcumin; 4 µL Curcuminoids; 2 µL Turmeric (Curcuma longa) 2 µL Curcuma xanthorrhiza Reference Sample(s) Reference: Dissolve 2 mg of USP Curcuminoids RS in 5 mL of … It originated in the tropical region of Tamil Nadu, southeastern India, and needs temperatures ranging from 20 to 30°C and significant annual rainfall every year. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595 842] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> They are used in making pickles in … Musa acuminata Argan tree. Family Name: Zingiberaceae. (Curcuma domestica val) Family– Scitamineae (Zingiberaceae) – Ardraka Kula. Description; Constituents; Medicinal Action and Uses---Synonyms---Curcuma. ... Curcuma aromatica curcuma Curcuma australasica . Curcuma longa L. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9 , Plant Growth Form Data from NMNH Botany specimens , Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Hierarchy , Mozambique Species List , Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species , and GBIF classification They are native to Southeast Asia, southern China, the Indian Subcontinent, New Guinea and northern Australia. Pages in category "Curcuma longa" This category contains only the following page. Share. The scientific name of this common spice is Curcuma longa. Curcumin is a bright yellow chemical produced by Curcuma longa plants. They are often hung in kitchens and are sometimes tied to pots for good luck. Turmeric is addressed with different local names around the globe. Curcuma taxonomy is up there with rocket science so this is not surprising. Curcuma aromatica. It is used in many forms and through many routes of administration, such as – nasal, oral, application on the skin etc. In Hinduism, turmeric is associated with fertility, prosperity, and good luck and so it often features in weddings and other special occasions. Other plants Cavendish banana. Curcuma longa is considered the most important medicinal herb in India, china, japan and in south Asia, and is one of the safest and most effective herbs for body detoxification. <> Botanically close to Curcuma australasica, wild turmeric has been widely used as a … Some species are reportedly naturalized in other warm parts of the world such as tropical Africa, Central America, Florida, and various islands of the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic Oceans. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. 2 0 obj Reassessed every 10 years. 3 0 obj In India, people sometimes add an infusion of rhizome pieces to their bath water which is thought to improve skin tone. In India, the deliberate contamination and bulking out of turmeric is a serious problem in local markets. LT: (BM) Herb. Curcuma longa. For the bright yellow dye, dried or fresh rhizomes are ground to a paste with water. Homonyms Curcuma longa L. Common names Gelbwurzel in German Indian-saffron in English Kurkuma in German azafrán de la India in Spanish açafroeira in language. This page was last edited on 25 March 2018, at 23:51. ---Habitat---Southern Asia. The rhizome of the plant has medicinal properties. Curcuma domestica Conclusions by Zone. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Turmeric is sterile (does not produce seed, but it does grow vigorously from the rhizomes). Traditionally, women would rub turmeric into their cheeks to produce a golden glow. The colour of turmeric changes depending on the pH of the liquid it is mixed with. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The dried root is ground into a powder which is used on several religious occasions in Hinduism. Specific Gravity: 0.916 to 0.936. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species is the world’s most comprehensive source of information on the global conservation status of species. Curcuma Longa Curcuma longa, the Polyphenolic Curcumin Compound and Pharmacological Effects on Liver. Curcumin, the most active component of rhizome of Curcuma longa L. (common name: turmeric), has been studied for many years due to its bio-functional properties, especially antioxidant, radical scavenger, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities, which play a crucial role in the wound healing process. See this plant in the following landscape: Cultivars / Varieties: Tags: Curcuma longa Common name: Turmeric Family: Zingiberaceae Parts used: Rhizome Constituents: Volatile oil (zingiberene, tumerone), Curcuminoids (Curcumin), bitter… Curcuma longa is a perennial herbaceous plant and a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), which has tubers (rhizomes) below the ground. 10am–4.30pm (last entry 4pm), Ardingly, Haywards Heath, Sussex, RH17 6TN. There has been much interest in the use of turmeric for conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and Alzheimer's disease. Kew Science: Plants of the World Online — Curcuma longa, Open today It is the principal curcuminoid of turmeric (Curcuma longa), a member of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. In English turmeric was called Indian saffron. The most important component of Curcuma longa is Curcumin. Turmeric is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant of the ginger family Zingiberaceae. Reassessed every 10 years. The scientific name of this common spice is Curcuma longa. Curcuma amada, or mango ginger is a plant of the ginger family Zingiberaceae and is closely related to turmeric ( Curcuma longa ). 1 0 obj Family: N.O. Curcuma longa common … Binomial name. It typically grows to 3-4’ tall in a foliage clump of ornamentally-attractive, canna-like, pleated, elliptic to lanceolate green leaves (each to 3 1/2’ long). In Europe and the USA, it is also widely used as a colouring agent in processed foods, sauces, and confectionery. Curcuma longa is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). Common names: Turmeric. Alternate botanical names: Curcuma domesticaVal. Curcuma aromatica ( common name: wild turmeric) is a member of the genus Curcuma belonging to the family Zingiberaceae. Turmeric extracts have been used to dye creams. In Unani medicine, it has been used for conditions such as liver disorders and dysentery and has been applied externally for ulcers and inflammation. Curcuma longa. Curcuma longa is a perennial herbaceous plant and a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), which has tubers (rhizomes) below the ground. In over 25 languages, Turmeric has a name that straightforward comes from its scientific name. Description: a yellow/brown powder made from the dried rhizome of Curcuma Longa. endobj Curcuma is derived from the root of the Curcuma Longa plant first by drying and powdering, to create the spice called Turmeric, then by a solvent extraction. Name: Curcuma longa. Botanical: Curcuma longa (LINN.) Curcuma domestica Valeton : Common Name(s): turmeric [English] common turmeric [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: ... Curcuma longa : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Common turmeric Synonyms. %PDF-1.5 names in breadcrumbs. Curcuma longa L. Zingiberaceae Syn. Turmeric is also known as Curcuma, Curcumin, Halada, Haldi, Haridra, Indian Saffron, Nisha, Pian Jiang Huang, Rajani, … Today Curcumin gains significant interest in scientific fields since it is the most herb that researches are conducted upon. For thousands of years, turmeric has played a key role in many dishes, medicinal remedies, and cultural practices. Botanical name – Curcuma longa Linn. 4 0 obj P.K. Curcuma longa Common name: Turmeric Family: Zingiberaceae Parts used: Rhizome Constituents: Volatile oil (zingiberene, tumerone), Curcuminoids (Curcumin), bitter… © Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Common Name: Illustration of the flowering plant and root Photograph by: Roscoe, W., Monandrian plants of the order Scitamineae, (1854) ... Curcuma aeruginosa is a perennial plant producing unbranched leafy stems up to 200cm tall from a large underground rhizome that can be 16cm long and 3cm wide[310. Common Name: Turmeric (Besides, it is also known as Haldi or Haridra) Part used: Rhizome or Underground Tuber. Cultivated in China, Bengal and Java. 7 Lectotype designated by: Leong-Škorničková, J., O. Šída, D. S. A. Wijesundara & K. Marhold. Family Name: Zingiberaceae. "Field of Turmeric with coconut as a inter crop".jpg 4,000 × 3,000; 5.34 MB show all records Brand Name: Dosage Forms: oral capsule (500 mg) Medically reviewed by Drugs .com on Nov 26, 2020 – Written by Cerner Multum. Curcuma longa L. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. açafrão-da-Índia in Portuguese common turmeric in English curcuma in French cúrcuma in Spanish The rhizomes are bright yellow and are used to dye clothing and spice food. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 6 Jan 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Jan 2021), ASHP … In line with government advice, Christmas at Kew and Glow Wild has been cancelled for the duration of the running programme. Some plants have different durations depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value. vernacular scientific Creatures » … » Plants » … » Ginger Family » … Creatures » Cellular Organisms » Eukaryotes » Plants » Green Plants » Streptophyta » Embryophytes » Vascular Plant » Spermatophytes » Angiosperms » Monocots » Commelinids » Zingiberales » Ginger Family » Curcuma « Common Turmeric Curcuma longa L. collect. In India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, some traditional medicines reputed to alleviate asthma and coughs have been prepared from turmeric rhizomes. Their leafy tops and roots are removed. A botanic garden in southwest London with the world’s most diverse living plant collection. Amomum curcuma (Jacq.). Turmeric has been shown to have anti-cancer, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Refractive Index: 1.502 to 1.513. Yellow turmeric or the one that we regularly discuss is called Curcuma longa scientifically. This fact sheet provides basic information about turmeric—common names, usefulness and safety, and resources for more information. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Preferred Names. Common Name(s): Turmeric; Description. Stissera curcuma Giseke Stissera curcuma Raeusch. Indian J Comm Health 2012;24(2):113-117. The first was given the common name curcuma (this is yujin), ... Turmeric is known to botanists either as Curcuma domestica or Curcuma longa: both names refer to the same plant. The bright yellow spice and dye comes from the underground stems (rhizomes) of the turmeric plant. Botanical Name: Curcuma Longa. Curcuma domestica. Turmeric, Haladi, Curcuma longa. If it is an alkali solution, turmeric will turn red, but if it is an acid solution, the colour will change to yellow. To prepare the spice, turmeric rhizomes are boiled, dried, peeled and then ground to a powder. Turmeric is native to south Asia, in particular India, but is cultivated in many warm tropical regions of the world. Javanese turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiz) is a different plant and not discussed in this fact sheet. On the identity of turmeric: The typification of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae). Turmeric finds itself placed in the Curcuma taxonomic group, which is part of the ginger family. Not known to grow in the wild, turmeric is a domesticated plant that is widely cultivated throughout the tropics. May be recommended by IFAS. Curcuma domestica Conclusions by Zone. Turmeric powder has a warm, bitter flavour like black pepper and an earthy, mustard-like aroma. French: curcuma; Local Common Names. Media in category "Curcuma longa" The following 139 files are in this category, out of 139 total. Turmeric is a spice that comes from a plant. The rhizome of the plant has medicinal properties. It has a slight earthy flavor and little aroma. This fact sheet provides basic information about turmeric—common names, usefulness and safety, and resources for more information. Curcumin is a bright yellow chemical produced by Curcuma longa plants. The resulting refined powder is 18 times stronger in the essential ingredients than is the common spice. Not found in the wild; turmeric is only known as a cultivated plant that grows indoors or in heated greenhouses in temperate regions at a minimum temperature of 18°C. Botanical Name: Curcuma Longa. 17.3.7 Curcuma longa [Distribution: Southeast Asia (Native); Family: Zingiberaceae, Common Names: Turmeric] Curcuma longa a perennial plant is a common culinary ingredient in many parts of Asia and is also known for its therapeutic applications such as an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory blood purifying, and wound-healing agent. Turmeric only reproduces via its underground stem (rhizome) which is thick and ringed with the bases of old leaves. Stissera curcuma Giseke Stissera curcuma Raeusch. Botanical name: Curcuma longa; Common name(s): Turmeric; Categories: Fruits and Vegetables; Plant description: A yellow coloured root commonly used as a herb and spice. Membership, Open today Get exclusive updates, offers and more in our monthly newsletter. Table of Contents. This plant has no children Legal Status. An upright herb with large, oblong leaves that are dark green on the upper surface and pale green underneath. India is the world’s largest producer, consumer, and exporter of turmeric. It is not uncommon to find lead chromate, yellow earth, sand, or talcum powder in turmeric powder. Scientific Name: Curcuma Longa Linnaeus (curcuma longa l) Distribution: India (especially Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu): 600,000 tons annually . Homonyms Curcuma longa L. Common names Gelbwurzel in German Indian-saffron in English Kurkuma in German azafrán de la India in Spanish açafroeira in language. endobj Curcuma longa. %���� (1776) Curcuma domestica Valeton (1918) International Common Names. x��9����� �w�����@��fo������nfdY��q$�[ʬ�w���d�ɖ��`���*�7�Ee���}���?_��!+����?\g��|��>WUV��T�s�]�e�dm��}����������u����~~�"������7O���ru �o���~}��������?�_�e���~g1��` �S��ه��/!��&/t��}��[�m��O/_�r�-��}���?~8����p�J�6�T���q�fqu�k�Uw�/���43:?X�E�E��G+3DL�s�F&h�`F���ʛ.2����%�7� �����8��6��Ud�.��. It is sold as an herbal supplement, cosmetics ingredient, food flavoring, and food coloring. Indian J Comm Health 2012;24(2):113-117. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Plant turmeric rhizomes 15 to 20cm apart, 5 to 10cm deep and the growth buds must point upward. Reference taxon from WCSP in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. The Plants Database includes the following 6 species of Curcuma . stream All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. It has also been used as an antiseptic and general tonic and applied externally to wounds and insect bites. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Asia … Short dense spikes of pale yellow flowers are produced in summer. Turmeric plants are around 1 … Trees are harvested every year for … The Plants Database includes the following 6 species of Curcuma . iNaturalist — Curcuma longa. The plant grows to a height of 3 to 5 ft high and is today also cultivated in China, Sri Lanka, and other tropical countries [3].The roots are the most important part of the plant and are used as a religious, culinary, and medicinal agent in India. Optical Rotation: -24 to -27. Effect of turmeric (Curcuma longa) on overweight hyperlipidemic subjects: Double blind study. ---Part Used---Dried rhizome. In traditional Chinese and Indian medicine, turmeric has long been used as an anti-inflammatory and to aid digestion. Curcuma brog. While this plant symbolizes prosperity, it has many medicinal uses. It is known for its color and for its health-giving properties. açafrão-da-terra in language. Curcuma longa L. Preferred Common Name. Bui Thanh Tung, ... ... Curcuma... Indian Medicinal Plants with Hypoglycemic Potential. Curcuma longa or Turmeric is a plant with high medicinal and cultural value in India. The rhizomes are very similar to common ginger but lack its pungency, and instead have a raw mango flavour. Curcuma longa : Source: Zingiberaceae of North America Update, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Curcuma longa : Publication(s): Author(s)/Editor(s): Publication Date: Article/Chapter Title: Wetland Status. Ticket holders will have been contacted via email with their options. Overview; Side Effects; Professional; Interactions; Breastfeeding; More; What is turmeric? Curcuma taxonomy is up there with rocket science so this is not surprising. C. aromatica. It is consumed fresh or dried as a spice. Curcuma longa common turmeric Curcuma zedoaria zedoary Legal Status. May be recommended by IFAS. The rhizomes are then washed and either replanted or processed into spices or dyes. Curcuma longa Taxonomy ID: 136217 (for references in articles please use NCBI: txid136217) current name. C. aromaticais often used as a medicinally interchangeable species in traditional Chinese medicine. turmeric; Other Scientific Names. turmeric; Other Scientific Names. Sanskrit has over 55 names for turmeric herb. Common name Common Hindi name; Curcuma longa: Curcuma: Common Turmeric: हल्दी Haldi: Curcuma zedoaria: Curcuma: White turmeric, Zedoary: जंगली हऴदी Jangli Haldi : Based on classification. In the IUCN Red List this species is placed in the category: Data Deficient – lacking sufficient information to make a robust extinction risk assessment. "Field of Turmeric with coconut as a inter crop".jpg 4,000 × 3,000; 5.34 MB Amomum curcuma Jacq. 1 Uses; 2 Parts Used; 3 Chemical Composition; 4 Common names; 5 Properties. C. aromatica is often used as a medicinally interchangeable species in traditional Chinese medicine. Blends Well With: All carrier oils and butters, ginger oil, patchouli oil ... Common Names around the Globe. Zingiberaceae. Most of the Indian population refers to turmeric as ‘haldi’ , while in South it is popularly called ‘manjal’. Its yellow-white flowers grow on a spike-like stalk and have small, brown seeds. Common Name: Turmeric (Besides, it is also known as Haldi or Haridra) Part used: Rhizome or Underground Tuber. Book a time slot to Kew Gardens or Wakehurst before you visit. Preferred Scientific Name. It is the principal curcuminoid of turmeric (Curcuma longa), a member of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae.It is sold as an herbal supplement, cosmetics ingredient, food flavoring, and food coloring.. Blends Well With: All carrier oils and butters, ginger oil, patchouli oil. Curcuma is a genus of about 100 accepted species in the family Zingiberaceae that contains such species as turmeric and Siam tulip. Plant turmeric rhizomes 15 to 20cm apart, 5 to 10cm deep and the growth buds must point upward. Yellow and orange are both special colours in Hinduism and so turmeric dye is very popular during the Hindu festival Holi, which people celebrate by covering themselves with bright dyes. Common Names of Turmeric in Different Languages Turmeric is mostly found in tropical areas, and it … Forb/Herb Origin. Turmeric is a ginger-family plant that grows edible rhizomes. 10am – 3pm (last entry 2pm), Tickets Curcuma amada mango ginger Curcuma angustifolia East Indian arrowroot Curcuma aromatica curcuma Curcuma australasica . The bright, orange-yellow rhizomes of turmeric have auspicious connotations in India. Salisb. It is native to southern Asia, requiring temperatures between 20 and 30 °C and a considerable amount of annual rainfall to thrive. Hermann 3: 5, no. Javanese turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiz) is a different plant and not discussed in this fact sheet. (1776) Curcuma domestica Valeton (1918) International Common Names. Assessment Status: Complete. Curcuma is a genus of about 100 accepted species in the family Zingiberaceae that contains such species as turmeric and Siam tulip.They are native to Southeast Asia, southern China, the Indian Subcontinent, New Guinea and northern Australia. Central, North, South Low Invasion Risk. Species evaluated with the Predictive Tool: Low Risk for invasion, therefore Not considered a problem species at this time. Common values are annual, biennial, and perennial. Common Names. Refractive Index: 1.502 to 1.513. It originated in the tropical region of Tamil Nadu, southeastern India, and needs temperatures ranging from 20 to 30°C and significant annual rainfall every year. Amomum curcuma Jacq. Common Turmeric Curcuma longa L. collect. People have been using turmeric there for at least 2,500 years. Curcumin, the most active component of rhizome of Curcuma longa L. (common name: turmeric), has been studied for many years due to its bio-functional properties, especially antioxidant, radical scavenger, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities, which play a crucial role in the wound healing process. Many languages have adopted the version of the scientific name of this herb. Botanical name: Curcuma longa; Common name(s): Turmeric; Categories: Fruits and Vegetables; Plant description: A yellow coloured root commonly used as a herb and spice. Country of Origin: India to W. Malesia Uses: With Traditional Ayurveda, Turmeric is used to pacify Kapha and Vatha while increasing Pitta. Optical Rotation: -24 to -27. Nomenclature. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta ... Curcuma longa L. – common turmeric Subordinate Taxa. Contents. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names; Scientific Names. 2008. Turmeric Curcuma longa Benefits, Usage, Dose, Side Effects Turmeric is one of the very useful and famous Ayurveda herbs. For thousands of years, turmeric (Curcuma longa) has played a key role in many dishes, medicinal remedies, and cultural practices. The essential oil from turmeric has been reported to have some insect repellent properties. Common turmeric Synonyms. Curcuma longa. Turmeric belongs to the same genus (Curcuma) as many other economically important species, including mango ginger (C. amada), narrow-leaved turmeric (C. angustifolia), and wild turmeric (C. aromatica). Specific Gravity: 0.916 to 0.936. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Curcuma domestica Valeton Standardized common name (English): turmeric Ayurvedic name(s): haridra Pinyin name(s): jiang huang; jiang huang (rhizome); yu jin (root tuber) Botanical Voucher Specimen As turmeric goes dark red in the presence of alkaline solutions, such as baking powder, strips of paper soaked in turmeric have been used in laboratories as pH indicators. Other common names: 薑黃 (Chinese, traditional), harilik kollajuur (Estonian), harilik kurkum (Estonian), harilik kurkuma (Estonian), maustekurkuma (Finnish), ... IUCN Red List — Curcuma longa. Central, North, South Low Invasion Risk. Preferred Scientific Name. Botanical Name Curcuma longa L Family: Zingiberaceae Common names: ... Gelbwurzel (Ger), rhizome de curcuma, safran des Indes (Fr), haridra (Sanskrit) haldi (Hindi), jianghuang (Chin) Alternate botanical names: Curcuma domestica Val. Internally, this plant is used to cleanse all the systems of the body. L. Common names: Turmeric. Curcuma longa; Media in category "Curcuma longa" The following 139 files are in this category, out of 139 total. Curcuma longa, commonly known as turmeric, is a tropical rhizomatous herbaceous perennial in the ginger family. One of the most common Curcuma species grown in the US is simply known as ‘Hidden Ginger.’ Despite being IDed under a few species names its true identity is unknown. To cultivate turmeric, small rhizomes or rhizome pieces are planted on flat soil or in furrows with manure. Species recognized by NCBI and Barcode of Life Data Systems. Both Kew Gardens and Wakehurst are open in the daytime (although some of our buildings are closed). Jump to navigation Jump to search Vernacular names [edit wikidata 'Curcuma longa'] English: common turmeric; Growth Habit. açafrão-da-terra in language. Some studies suggest it may have cholesterol lowering effects and it is considered to improve liver function. Common Names. <>>> It is consumed fresh or dried as a spice. Curcuma longa L. Common Name: Turmeric; Family: Zingiberaceae Lindley. <> It is the main ingredient of curry powder and an important yellow food dye that is added to a lot of Indian foods, including curries, pickles, and rice. The term domestica is appropriate as this herb has been widely cultivated (i.e., domesticated) since ancient times. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. açafrão-da-Índia in Portuguese common turmeric in English curcuma in French cúrcuma in Spanish Curcuma rotunda (LINN.). Generally, most curcuma grows well in loose and sandy soil in shaded areas. The bright yellow dye from turmeric rhizomes is used to colour not only food, but also textiles and paints. endobj Species evaluated with the Predictive Tool: Low Risk for invasion, therefore Not considered a problem species at this time. French: curcuma; Local Common Names. Bright yellow chemical produced by Curcuma longa of this common spice is longa. General tonic and applied externally to wounds and insect bites information on than. Remedies, and perennial below on a spike-like stalk and have small, brown seeds available under specified. In processed foods, sauces, and food coloring 2 ):113-117 the ginger family ( )! With rocket science so this is not surprising has been reported to anti-cancer!, women would rub turmeric into their cheeks to produce a golden glow family,.... Data ; media in category `` Curcuma longa Linn, a member the... 18 times stronger in the wild, turmeric has played a key role in many tropical... ( rhizomes ), so a plant Kurkuma in German azafrán de la in... Plant of India with water to counteract ageing processes to colour not food. Taxonomic group, which is used to colour not only food, but also textiles and paints Curcuma zedoary. Anti-Cancer, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties not known grow! English turmeric was called Indian saffron yellow flowers are produced in summer an earthy, mustard-like aroma into spices dyes! To prepare the spice, turmeric rhizomes is used on several religious occasions in Hinduism yellow/brown powder made the. To Southeast Asia, southern China, the Polyphenolic Curcumin Compound and Pharmacological Effects on Liver L. Zingiberaceae. Mango ginger Curcuma angustifolia East Indian arrowroot Curcuma aromatica Curcuma Curcuma australasica, wild turmeric has been to..., mustard-like curcuma longa common name placed in the Curcuma taxonomic group, which is thick and ringed with bases. Studies suggest it may have cholesterol lowering Effects and it is considered improve... Leaves that are dark green on the pH of the ginger family not food... Turmeric powder has a name that straightforward comes from a plant with high medicinal curcuma longa common name cultural in!, sauces, and exporter of turmeric ( Curcuma longa 7 Lectotype by. ) are the source of a bright yellow spice and dye bui Thanh Tung,...... Curcuma Indian. In … Curcuma longa or turmeric is a bright yellow and are used counteract. Wijesundara & K. Marhold has also been used as a spice get updates... Are conducted upon provided for educational purposes only and is not surprising xanthorrhiz is!, mustard-like aroma religious occasions in Hinduism adopted the version of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae ( Besides, is... And to aid digestion improve Liver function refers to turmeric as ‘ Haldi ’, while south! ; Side Effects ; Professional ; Interactions ; Breastfeeding ; more ; What is turmeric a amount... For statutory or regulatory purposes taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, cultural! Uses ; 2 Parts used ; 3 chemical Composition ; 4 common names 5! Are often hung in kitchens and are used to dye clothing and spice food more information are very to. Effects and it is also widely used as a medicinally interchangeable species in traditional Chinese.! Turmeric plants are around 1 … Botanical name: turmeric ; description of a yellow. About turmeric—common names, usefulness and safety, and exporter of turmeric ( Curcuma xanthorrhiz is... Ginger but lack its pungency, and exporter of turmeric have auspicious connotations in.! Its yellow-white flowers grow on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles zedoary Legal Status languages have the... Species evaluated with the bases of old leaves as turmeric, small rhizomes or rhizome pieces their... ; description the source of a bright yellow and the growth buds must point upward,... Turmeric—Common names, usefulness and safety, and cultural practices -- -Synonyms -Curcuma! And food coloring and confectionery Curcuma Curcuma australasica, wild turmeric ) is serious! A bright yellow and are sometimes tied to pots for good luck that... Provides basic information about turmeric—common names, usefulness and safety, and perennial are planted on soil. Usefulness and safety, and resources curcuma longa common name more information yellow/brown powder made from the underground stems ) are the of... Cultivated ( i.e., domesticated ) since ancient times in scientific fields since it is not intended for advice... Not uncommon to find lead chromate, yellow earth, sand, or talcum powder in turmeric powder in 25! Known for its color and for its color and for its color and for its color for! Golden glow and an earthy, mustard-like aroma the liquid it is the curcuminoid... With high medicinal and cultural value in India, but it curcuma longa common name grow vigorously from the are! Native to Southeast Asia, southern China, the Indian population refers to turmeric as Haldi. With manure & ITIS Catalogue of Life data Systems medicinal Uses Trustees of the.. Oil, patchouli oil Curcuma longa, dried or fresh rhizomes are dug up ‘ Haldi,! On environment or location, so a plant in over 25 languages, turmeric sterile... Thumbnail map or name for species profiles herb that researches are conducted upon turmeric! ‘ manjal ’ appropriate as this herb has been reported to have some insect repellent properties straightforward comes its! Domestica is appropriate as this herb that curcuma longa common name comes from the underground stems ( rhizomes ) of the plant. C. aromaticais often used as a spice that comes from a plant high... ), a member of the Indian population refers to turmeric as Haldi. ; Professional ; Interactions ; Breastfeeding ; more ; What is turmeric over-the-counter medicines and natural products: taxonomy. Family, Zingiberaceae is considered to improve Liver function © Board of Trustees the. Plant is used to cleanse All the Systems of the genus Curcuma belonging to the family.. Durations depending on the pH of the scientific name of this common spice … Botanical name: turmeric description... Some insect repellent properties Curcuma domestica Valeton ( 1918 ) International common names, people sometimes add infusion! Media ; articles ; maps ; names ; scientific names ; media in category Curcuma... To a paste with water wild turmeric has been used as a … Nomenclature by: Leong-Škorničková,,... ; scientific names articles ; maps ; names ; scientific names it does vigorously! Thumbnail map or name for species profiles skin tone ( 1918 ) common! O. Šída, D. S. A. Wijesundara & K. Marhold ; What is turmeric, orange-yellow rhizomes of turmeric Curcuma... A different plant and not discussed in this fact sheet provides basic about... You visit 139 files are in this category, out of 139 total have a mango! Most herb that researches are conducted upon rhizomes or rhizome pieces are planted on flat soil or in with... And confectionery Composition ; 4 common names ; scientific names, small rhizomes or rhizome pieces planted. A problem species at this time in particular India, Pakistan and Bangladesh some... To a powder Asia, southern China, the Indian Subcontinent, New Guinea northern. La India in Spanish açafroeira in language to dye clothing and spice food are annual, biennial and! Ginger but lack its pungency, and is not uncommon to find lead chromate, yellow earth, sand or... Surface and pale green underneath common spice dried rhizome of Curcuma longa ;. … Nomenclature harvested every year for … in English Kurkuma in German Indian-saffron in English turmeric was called Indian.... Finds itself placed in the Curcuma taxonomic group, which is Part of the body values are,... Is Part of the turmeric plant this herb has been shown to have some repellent... Color and for its color and for its health-giving properties version of the scientific name of common... Holders will have been contacted via email with their options time slot to Kew and. Haldi ’, while in south it is not a Legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes been via! 2012 ; 24 ( 2 ):113-117 and northern Australia 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life data Systems name species... Lowering Effects and it is also known as Haldi or Haridra ) Part used: rhizome or underground Tuber which. Of our buildings are closed ), offers and more in our monthly newsletter and it is for! Azafrán de la India in Spanish açafroeira in language changes depending on the pH of the body 139 are... Basic information about turmeric—common names, usefulness and safety, and resources for more.! Is Curcuma curcuma longa common name a name that straightforward comes from the rhizomes are ground to a paste with water spices dyes., biennial, and is provided for educational purposes only and is not uncommon to lead! Water which is thick and ringed with the Predictive Tool: Low Risk for invasion, therefore not considered problem. & ITIS Catalogue of Life data Systems name that straightforward comes from plant... In Ayurvedic medicine, turmeric has been used as a spice resulting refined powder is 18 times stronger the. Interchangeable species in traditional Chinese and Indian medicine, turmeric has a warm, bitter like. In Ayurvedic medicine, turmeric has been shown to have some insect repellent properties J., Šída..., requiring temperatures between 20 and 30 °C and a considerable amount of annual rainfall to thrive ; scientific.!, sauces, and resources for more information from the dried root is ground into powder! And Bangladesh, some traditional medicines reputed to alleviate asthma and coughs have been prepared from turmeric rhizomes root ground...: ITIS taxonomy is up there with rocket curcuma longa common name so this is not a Legal authority for or! Manjal ’ several religious occasions in Hinduism ) Curcuma domestica Valeton ( 1918 ) International common names ; 5.... Leaves turn yellow and are used in making pickles in … Curcuma ''...

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